A miscellaneous booklet containing articles on: the Royal Letters of Martin I king of Aragon regarding Italy (14th-15th c.), the European immigrant newspapers in the 19th and 20th century in Buenos Aires, the memory of the African-American movement for civil rights and on music of Catalan origin sung in Alghero (Sardinia). The booklet also includes a dossier dedicated to the Contemporary History of the Balearic Islands.
This volume is miscellaneous and contains essays on medieval, modern and contemporary European and American history.
The first essays examines the schism of the Church, with the double election of Popes Innocent II and Anacletus II (1130-1138), a complex event in the context of the reform of the Church and the Investiture Controversy. A theme at the centre of a recent international conference that has deepened the many themes of research related to it and has led to new and important historiographical acquisitions, also with regard to regional dynamics.
The second article focuses on Saladin, bishop of Dolia in Sardinia when the first Sardinian-Calatan war broke out in 1353. A figure particularly interesting also for his name of Muslim origin that is not associated with any other bishop of the Catholic Church, even though it is well attested in the Christian West.
Another text is dedicated to Elia de Palmas, a clergyman who moved into the high diplomatic domain between the Kingdom of Sardinia and Corsica and the Giudicato of Arborea between the 14th and the 15th centuries, years of general upsetting and change in different areas of the Crown of Aragon.
The fourth article focuses on Messina which entered the thick net of relations that, since the late 18th century, linked the American entrepreneurial, politico-diplomatic, and cultural world to the Old Europe. The text stresses how Americans discovered the city’s qualities as a profitable port for trading and a safe base for the Navy operation.
Another essay is dedicated to the contributions by cosmographers and cartographers from the Casa de la Contratación (Seville), military engineer from the Spanish Crown, Jesuit missionaries, and also scientists and explorers, which allowed to elaborate a detailed cartographic representation of Argentinian territory.
The sixth text explores some implications of the right to information for the representation and participation of external citizens in Argentina. Due to their characteristics, Italians represent a privileged case to better understand these dynamics.
The last article examines the perception on migration matters in the newspapers on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea. The research has been conducted on frequencies and cotexts in a portion of articles extracted from Northern-African newspapers, weekly magazines and political and cultural reviews published in the second semester of 2009.
Nuovi apporti sulle relazioni italo-argentine / New contributions on the Italian-Argentine relations.
A cura di / Edited by Luciano Gallinari
This booklet of RiMe closes a seven-year working relationship within the framework of two Bilateral Agreements on Scientific Cooperation between the Institute of Mediterranean European History of the CNR and the Catedra de Historia Social Contemporanea, Escuela de Ciencias de la Información, Facultad de Derecho y Ciencias Sociales, of the Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, República Argentina (CONICET): Italia‐Argentina: ovverosia il Mediterraneo in Sudamerica. Storia, arte e cultura tra XVI e XXI secolo”, (May 2005‐December 2008) and “Terre di migrazioni: Italia e Argentina tra XVI e XXI secolo, (May 2009‐December 2012).
During these years the researchers of the two countries have been able to meet each other travelling from one side of the Atlantic to the other, and have been able to work together on the different lines of research of the Bilateral Agreements giving rise to different results, including, in addition to this booklet also several seminars held during mutual study visits and some scientific publications.
The Volume hosts three articles in the Various section.
The first analyses the role of History in the Origines by Amin Maalouf (Beyrouth, 1949), writer, journalist and amazing creator of historical novels, and offers multiple avenues for reflection on this subject and its relationship with memory. Origines takes the form of an autobiography and, at the same time, a family account, a genealogy, a narrative of national events seen from within. The author describes his method of investigation including the consultation of witnesses, archival research, their organization based on subjects, dates, the typology of documents... a method, therefore, very similar to that of historians except that for consulting witnesses, an approach distinctive from other fields, from police investigation to sociology
The second text is focused on the evolution of the Tunisian revolution and the empowerment of Islamists, which confirm that the Arab world, either for Islamisation of the nation or for nationalisation of Islam, continues eluding the problem of modernity that is the separation of politics and religion. A brief history of Tunisia shows that even Bourguiba, the great reformer of modern Tunisian society and women's liberator, has been able to advance step by step on the path of secularisation, claiming either the right or the Koran. Even after the revolution, the modernist elites are not able to develop a modern structural project that is a real renewal of the old system and may launch a process of democratisation based on a real individual freedom.
The third article examines the process of Africanisation of the Catholic Church that took place during the years of Pope John Paul II. The “mission” in Africa changed radically, thanks to the Episcopal Synod Assembly (1994), an event that, for the first time, was convoked at a continental level. The Synod was very important due to its reflections on all the important aspects of the life of the Church in Africa, above all evangelization, enculturation, dialogue, pastoral care in social areas, and it extended to the means of social communication.
The Volume hosts als a Focus dedicate to this theme:
Corona d’Aragona Sardegna / The Crown of Aragon and Sardinia. A cura di / Edited by Esther Martí Sentañes
It is the heir of a previous dossier published in RiMe 10 with the title “Le identità nella Corona d’Aragona. Nuove linee di ricerca” ("Identities in the Crown of Aragon. New lines of research"), which encompassed the studies of several young researchers dealing with issues related to the Crown of Aragon. Both initiatives respond to the willingness of scholars to encourage a resumption of Iberian studies, for some time rarefied both for the difficulty of carrying out most of the research because of the serious economic crisis that we are going through, and for a progressive disinterest of new doctoral students to address as a subject of study the institutional, cultural and economic links between the Italian-Latin territories and the Catalan-Aragonese motherland.
The Volume is closed by two Reviews: one dedicated to the interesting book Teatro e festività nella Napoli aragonese, by Cristiana Anna Addesso, Firenze, Leo S. Olschki Editore, 2012, 170 p., and the second one, on the contrary, contains historiographical reflections on a Round Table dedicated to sources and methodology on Sardinian history between the 8th and 9th centuries.
The volume contains six articles on Medieval, Modern and Contemporary History, as well as an essay on Antilles poetry.
In addition, there is the monographic dossier "Identities in the Crown of Aragon. New lines of research. Edited by Esther Martí Sentañes", containing several contributions on the study of identities in the Crown of Aragon in the Medieval and Modern Ages. A topic that in recent decades has been the subject of study, as it represents an interesting mechanism in which the analysis of social cohesion unfolds.
The volume also includes a forum on the theme of the Catholic Church and its current evangelization in Africa.
Finally, the volume hosts a review of the library of Alfonso II Del Carretto, Marquis of Finale Ligure.
The volume hosts a Various section with five articles.
The first is dedicated to the Archbishop William of Cagliari who in 1118 lodged a complaint to Pope Gelasius II accusing the “Giudice” of Cagliari, Mariano Torchitorio, to break the procedural rules concerning property donation to ecclesiastical institutions, which had been demanded by the Apostolic See in order to prevent the sin of simony against which the Church had been fighting for years.
The second text is focused on Piero Gobetti who in 1922 founded the Journal La Rivoluzione liberale, making Turin the centre of intellectual opposition to fascism for four years, before the journal was forced to close by the fascist dictatorship.
The Spanish Civil War in recent years and its historiographical debate is at the centre of the third article containing new reflections on this issue by Italian, English and Spanish historians which enabled an innovative vision of the Iberian conflict, thanks to a comparative perspective of the issue.
The fourth wssay focuses on European colonial policies based on several justifications developed and spread out by some cultural institutes and scientific organizations. In Italy, the building of a “colonial consciousness” was most important during the Fascist period, because of the role of imperialism in the Fascist project of the “new Italy”.
The fifth and last article of this section examines the metaphors corresponding to a specific set of images and concepts dealing with the culture of the speaking community, and presents the results of a research conducted on the use of the metaphors in Amara Lakhous’ novels Scontro di civiltà per un ascensore a Piazza Vittorio and Divorzio all’islamica a Viale Marconi.
In a monographic Dossier - Bernard Zadi Zaourou, quelques mois après… ou l’exigence de donner la voix / Bernard Zadi Zaourou, some months later or the need of giving a voice. A cura di / Edited by Nataša Raschi and Antonella Emina - RiMe hosts the eclectic personality of the Ivorian Bernard Zadi Zaourou who retired on 20 March 2012 in his ninth issue. A special dossier has been designed with the certainty that the Mediterranean unites Europe and this living and building Africa that Zadi's brilliant spirit has been able to express at the highest level. A prodigious intellectual and a taboo breaker, he was above all a man so committed that he sacrificed his entire life to the harvesting, protection and dissemination of African culture.
The volume contains two articles in the Various section. One is dedicated to the medieval chapels of the Cathedral of Santa Maria di Castello in Cagliari, which show the transition of Sardinia from the tuscan cultural and political context to the Catalan-Aragonese sphere of influence, while the second text deals with the journey of a Moroccan prince who became catholic during his captivity in Malta according to ta play of Pedro Calderón de la Barca (1600-1681).
The volume hosts a first dossier on Uruguay: L'altra riva del Río de la Plata: migrazioni, flussi e scambi tra Italia e Uruguay / The other bank of the Río de la Plata: migrations, flows and exchanges between Italy and Uruguay, edited by Martino Contu and Luciano Gallinari. Uruguay is a country whose historical and cultural events are strictly intertwined starting from the first half of the 19th century, firstly with those of the Kingdom of Sardinia, then of the Kingdom of Italy and, finally, with the Italian Republic ones.
The volume also contains a second monographic dossier - Tunisia, un anno dopo… un paradigma di modernità a rischio / Tunisia, one year later… a paradigm of a modernity in danger, edited by Raoudha Guemara, Yvonne Fracassetti and Michele Brondino - which gathers the contributions of a group of privileged observers composed of Tunisian and Italian historians, intellectuals and cultural operators, all witnesses in the field of the recent events of the Arab Spring, that is to say, of a historical moment that is still in progress.
This volume contains a Various section containing five articles. The first of these is dedicated to the strategic and economic role played by Sardinia in the military expansion of Islam during the first half of the 8th century AD. The tactical function of this island is included in the global military strategy adopted by Muslims for the control of all the others.
Another essay, on the other hand, proposes a status quaestions of the studies on the Irish community in Rome between the 14th and 19th centuries, highlighting how the breadth of the corpus and the vastness of the historiography on migrations and foreign communities in Rome constitute the major difficulties of such scientific initiative.
The third text traces the history of cultural and artistic relations between Italy and Iceland from the so-called "Viking era" to the present, to provide the Italian readers with some useful data to build in the future a more systematic treatment of the relations between the North Atlantic island and the Italian region.
The fourth article focuses on Corinna Bille (1912-1979), considered one of the most representative voices of French-speaking Switzerland, and in particular on Emerentia 1713, a novel that is often analyzed in French-language literature courses or staged in theatrical adaptations in Switzerland, especially for some of its peculiar aspects such as the deep understanding of a girl with nature, or the patriarchal universe that crushes women.
The fifth article focuses on Carlo Botta and his interesting observations about “the love of liberty” and “slavery” during the American Revolution. Indeed, that is the central theme of one of the most celebrated books in modern American history: American Slavery, American Freedom by Edmund S. Morgan.
The volume host also a monographic Dossier entitled: Incontri e dialogo tra Italia e Messico: la doppia prospettiva storica e culturale / Meetings and dialogue between Italy and Mexico: the dual historical and cultural perspective. A cura di / Edited by Patrizia Spinato Bruschi - Ana María González Luna C.
This Dossier aims to stimulate a constructive dialogue between Italian and Mexican writers, historians and artists, in order to trace an unusual itinerary that reveals, under different points of view, the multiple encounters that in different fields have taken place between Italy and Mexico. Although it seems surprising this network of exchanges is not an exclusively contemporary phenomenon, but is rooted in a distant past. From the first news of Pedro Mártir de Anglería to this day, the American continent has been a space generator of myths, a territory of expansion, conquest, material and cultural.
In addition to three separate articles, this volume also contains two monographic issues. The firs is the Dossier "Italy and Argentina: two countries, a mirror", edited by Luciano Gallinari, which contains many literary, architectural and historical articles on the theme of relations between Italy and Argentina, examined over a chronological span from the end of the 18th century to the 20th.
The second monographic part is instead the Focus "Tunisia, land of jasmine" edited by Antonella Emina, which examines the relations between Italy and Tunisia in a period between the nineteenth century and today in the light of Poetry, colonial history and social media.
Il presente volume ospita oltre a trearticoli singoli anche due sezioni monografiche. La prima è il Dossier "Italia e Argentina: due Paesi, uno specchio" a cura di Luciano Gallinari, che contiene numerosi articoli di carattere letterario, architettonico e storico sul tema delle relazioni tra Italia e Argentina esaminati in un arco cronologico che va dalla fine del XVIII secolo fino al XX.
La seconda parte monografica è invece il Focus "Tunisia, terra del gelsomino"a cura di Antonella Emina, che esamina le relazioni intercorse tra Italia e Tunisia in un periodo compreso tra il XIX secolo e Oggi alla luce della Poesia, della Storia coloniale e di Social Media.
This booklet is a Various issue containing seven articles focusing on different themes starting with the contemporary Spanish Literature that encompasses several folklorical, anthropological and linguistic references in its works in order to highlight the enriching factor of immigration.
Other articles are dedicated to topics of Medieval History: 1) the political and institutional process followed by the Sardinian Judges in an attempt to be legally recognized as sovereigns by authorities, outside Sardinia such as the Communes of Genoa and Pisa, the Apostolic See and the Holy Roman Empire. 2) The world of good governance and morality in Sardinia in the late Middle Ages from the Book of Ordinacions, using as main documents of analysis the Ordinacions of the city of Cagliari and Alghero (1526). 3) An interesting and little known coastal circumnavigation of Sardinia included in the text of the oldest portolano so far found, the “Liber de existencia riveriarum", a copy of it was probably acquired by the British royal administration to participate in the Third Crusade (1189-1192).
Another article is dedicated to Contemporary History and focuses on historiography of the European press in Egypt which represents a documentary source of historical and cultural value in order to reconstruct the history of fthe European communities and their relations with Egypt over the last two centuries.
Finally, two other articles focus on linguistic subjects.
Questo fascicolo è un numero di Varia che contiene sette articoli su diversi temi a partire dalla letteratura spagnola contemporanea, che include diversi riferimenti folcloristici, antropologici e linguistici nelle sue opere, al fine di evidenziare il fattore di arricchimento dell'immigrazione.
Altri articoli sono dedicati a temi di storia medievale: 1) l'iter politico e istituzionale seguito dai giudici sardi nel tentativo di essere legalmente riconosciuti come sovrani da autorità esterne alla Sardegna, come i Comuni di Genova e Pisa, la Sede Apostolica e il Sacro Romano Impero. 2) Il mondo del buon governo e della morale in Sardegna nel tardo Medioevo a partire dal Libro delle Ordinacions, utilizzando come principali documenti di analisi le Ordinacions delle città di Cagliari e Alghero (1526). 3) Una interessante e poco conosciuta circumnavigazione costiera della Sardegna inclusa nel testo del più antico portolano finora rinvenuto, il "Liber de existencia riveriarum", una copia del quale probabilmente fu acquisita dall'amministrazione reale britannica per partecipare alla terza crociata (1189-1192).
Un altro articolo è dedicato alla storia contemporanea e si concentra sulla storiografia della stampa europea in Egitto che rappresenta una fonte documentaria di valore storico e culturale per ricostruire la storia delle comunità europee e dei loro rapporti con l'Egitto negli ultimi due secoli.
Infine, altri due articoli si soffermano su argomenti linguistici.
This issue contains a Dossier entitled Sardinia. A Mediterranean Crossroads edited by Olivetta Schena and Luciano Gallinari, contining a wide selection of the papers presented at 12th Annual Mediterranean Studies Congress, held in Cagliari, 27-30 May 2009. These are essays that examine the history of the Mediterranean Sea and its numerous interweavings between the Middle Ages and Contemporaneity, not only from a historical point of view, but by using interpretative tools from disciplines such as Archaeology and Art History.
In addition, the volume also hosts a Focus with the emblematic title Glances beyond the Mediterranean, with two articles dedicated to the U.S. and the raids of Islamic pirates of North Africa in the Mediterranean between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and another essay focuses on immigration from Italy to the Plata region between discrimination and welcome.
Finally, the issue also includes a Focus dedicated to research on the History of North America in the Digital Age.
This volume contains a part of "Varia" comprising eight articles dealing with the African continent, analysed by means of 1) the Franciscan iconographic theme such as the Martyrs of Morocco, its instrumentalisation and diffusion in Europe and America; 2) the theatrical works by Wajdi Mouawad, playwright, theatre director and actor and 3) the writings of the Franco-Tunisian poet, novelist and essayist, Nadir Mohamed Aziza.
One essay is dedicated to the analysis of the Provençal language of the Alps, while another focuses on the Sardinian mines seen in their transformation from a place of work to a place of memory and identity. Finally, two other articles are dedicated to the widespread phenomenon of Italian migrations in the Cono Sur and, in particular, in Argentina and Chile between the second half of the 19th century and the Contemporaneity.
Mentalità e prassi mercantili tra Mediterraneo e Atlantico (XV-XVIII sec.) / Mentality and commercial practices between the Mediterranean and the Atlantic (15th-18th centuries). A cura di / Edited by Grazia Biorci - Pierangelo Castagneto
This volume contains the proceedings of the Conference Mentalità e prassi mercantili tra Mediterraneo e Atlantico (XV-XVIII sec.) - "Mentality and commercial practices between the Mediterranean and Atlantic (15th-18th centuries)" organised in Genoa in March 2008, which wanted to verify the extent and developement of some of the new historiographic lines of research, and to be a simple and starting reconnaissance of the different mentalities and practices of commercial exchanges and of the peculiarities of some Mediterranean phenomena: codes of conduct, shared assumptions at the basis of negotiations; modalities, languages, laws, and the insurances that belonged to the whole varied community operating in that Sea in the early Modern Age.
RiMe. Rivista dell'Istituto di Storia dell'Europa Mediterranea (ISSN 2035-794X) (http://rime.cnr.it)
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