https://rime.cnr.it/index.php/rime/issue/feed RiMe. Rivista dell'Istituto di Storia dell'Europa Mediterranea (ISSN 2035-794X) 2023-01-26T23:56:57+01:00 Management and Editorial Offices │Direzione e Segreteria rime@isem.cnr.it Open Journal Systems <p><em>RiMe. Rivista dell'Istituto di Storia dell'Europa Mediterranea</em>&nbsp;(ISSN 2035-794X)<strong>&nbsp;</strong>is a refereed, open access journal , founded by the <a href="http://www.isem.cnr.it/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Institute of History of Mediterranean Europe (ISEM)</a> of the italian National Research Council (CNR), that publishes theoretical perspectives, review articles, methodological developments, empirical research in the field of the History of Europe and the Mediterranean, from the Middle Ages to the Contemporaneity.</p> <p><em>RiMe</em> targets scholars from different countries, bodies and research groups in formal, non-formal and informal contexts, in order to promote and support their collaboration around common scientific interests on themes and motives related to the historical identity of Mediterranean Europe and their varied external relations.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>RiMe. Rivista dell'Istituto di Storia dell'Europa Mediterranea (ISSN 2035-794X)</em> (<a href="http://rime.cnr.it" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://rime.cnr.it</a>)<br>Management and Editorial Offices │Direzione e Segreteria: via G.B. Tuveri, 128 - 09129 Cagliari - Italia<br>Telephone │Telefono: +39 070403635 / 70 ‐ Fax: +39 070498118 E-mail: <a href="mailto:rime@isem.cnr.it" target="_blank" rel="noopener">rime@isem.cnr.it</a> (Submissions │Invio contributi)</p> https://rime.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/666 El medievalismo en un mundo globalizado 2023-01-26T17:51:11+01:00 Vicent Royo Pérez vicent.royo@gmail.com Jesús Brufal Sucarrat jesus.brufal@uab.cat <p>This special issue brings together a series of papers dealing with different aspects related to the current situation of the Medieval Studies in the context of a globalised world. The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has uncovered some of the dysfunctions that affected our discipline in recent years. Also, has imposed certain conditions that have significantly transformed the working practice of medievalists, as well as the mechanisms of communication and transmission of knowledge. As a result of all these changes, the coordinators of this monographic issue have put forward a series of reflections that affect the Medieval Studies as a whole and which, according to the papers collected, can be grouped under three main headings.&nbsp;To begin with, the emergence and remarkable impulse of new themes, concepts and methodologies coexists with the renewal of the lines of study traditionally held by the different Medieval Historiography. It is therefore necessary to scrutinise the terms in which the dialogue between the two strands takes place and, above all, the extent to which the combination of the two can transform research paradigms, if it has not already done so. In the same way, in a context in which digital tools and mass media are in full control, it is necessary to analyse the role played by the medievalist in this field in order to discern whether he or she has been able to adapt to the new realities. Finally, in a broader sense, knowledge transfer initiatives promoted by academia should be analysed in order to ascertain the real impact of research on society. In this way, it offers a panoramic view of Medieval Studies and the paths it can take in today's changing and dynamic world.</p> <p>Este número especial recoge un conjunto de trabajos que abordan diferentes aspectos relacionados con la situación actual del medievalismo en el contexto de un mundo globalizado. La pandemia del SARS-CoV-2 ha destapado algunas de las disfunciones que afectaban a nuestra disciplina en los últimos años y, además, ha impuesto ciertas condiciones que han trasformado significativamente la praxis laboral de los medievalistas, así como los mecanismos de comunicación y transmisión del conocimiento. A raíz de todos estos cambios, los coordinadores de este número monográfico han planteado una serie de reflexiones que afectan al medievalismo en su conjunto y que, de acuerdo con los artículos reunidos, se pueden englobar en tres grandes apartados.&nbsp;Para empezar, la aparición y el notable impulso de nuevos temas, conceptos y metodologías convive con la renovación de las líneas de estudio sostenidas de manera tradicional por las distintas escuelas historiográficas. Por ello, es necesario escrutar los términos en que se produce el diálogo entre las dos vertientes y, sobre todo, en qué medida la conjugación de ambas puede llegar a transformar los paradigmas de investigación, si no lo ha hecho ya. Del mismo modo, en un contexto de pleno dominio de las herramientas digitales y los medios de comunicación de masas, se impone el análisis del papel que juega el medievalista en este ámbito para discernir si ha sabido adaptarse a las nuevas realidades. Finalmente, en un sentido más amplio se deben analizar las iniciativas de transferencia del conocimiento promovidas desde la Academia para conocer el impacto real de la investigación en la sociedad. De este modo, se ofrece una visión panorámica del medievalismo y los caminos que puede tomar en un mundo cambiante y dinámico como el actual.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://rime.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/660 Medieval Iberia, Essentialist Narratives and Globalization 2023-01-26T23:56:57+01:00 Alejandro García-Sanjuán sanjuan@uhu.es <p>The academic study of the Middle Ages started out over the nineteenth century, in a historical context shaped by the rise of the liberal revolutions and nationalism, as well as the globalization of capitalism as a result of the industrial revolution and colonialism. This context helps understand the strong essentialist bias of the narratives about the medieval period, as clearly revealed by the Spanish case. The new wave of capitalist globalization after 1989 brought about a new rise of essentialist narratives that came hand in hand with the consolidation of increasingly multicultural and multiethnic environment in the most advances societies. This contradiction stands as a stark challenge for medieval studies in the years to come.</p> <p>El estudio académico de la Edad Media se inició a lo largo del siglo XIX, en un contexto histórico marcado por el auge de las revoluciones liberales y el nacionalismo, así como por la globalización del capitalismo como resultado de la revolución industrial y el colonialismo. Este contexto ayuda a comprender el fuerte sesgo esencialista de las narraciones sobre el período medieval, como lo revela claramente el caso español. La nueva ola de globalización capitalista posterior a 1989 trajo consigo un nuevo auge de narrativas esencialistas que vino de la mano de la consolidación de un entorno cada vez más multicultural y multiétnico en las sociedades más avanzadas. Esta contradicción representa un gran desafío para los estudios medievales en los años venideros.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://rime.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/673 Quoniam multa et magna utilitas est preterita et presentia scribere. La función del historiador en la Edad Media y en el presente 2023-01-26T23:56:57+01:00 Covadonga Valdaliso-Casanova cCasanova@letras.ulisboa.pt <p>This paper addresses the problem of the usefulness of medieval studies by considering the functions of the notion of the Middle Ages in the present, the development of the area known as 'medievalism' and the 'uses of the medieval past' that have been made in the last two centuries. The paper reflects on the attitude of specialists in the period in relation to these phenomena and compares the idea of the usefulness of History in the Middle Ages and today.</p> <p>En el presente trabajo se plantea la problemática de la utilidad de los estudios medievales atendiendo a las funciones de la noción de Edad Media en el presente, el desarrollo del área conocida como ‘medievalismo’ y los ‘usos del pasado medieval’ que se vienen dando en los dos últimos siglos. Se reflexiona sobre la actitud de los especialistas en el periodo en relación con estos fenómenos y se compara la idea de utilidad de la Historia en la Edad Media y en la actualidad.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://rime.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/671 Medievalister: el medievalismo en la encrucijada de la revolución digital 2023-01-26T23:56:57+01:00 Juan Francisco Jiménez-Alcázar jimenezalcazar@um.es <p>Digital technologies have become common tools for society as a whole, and those of us in the humanities are witnesses to the communications revolution that has made this possible. The work of the historian researching the Middle Ages has been affected, like the rest, by this reality. The creation of different digital content distribution channels, such as YouTube or even video games, has made it possible to expose the debate on the image that the medieval period projects on our society. There is an increasing demand for knowledge about the authenticity of the historical account, and the medievalist faces this challenge with a commitment that he must take responsibility for if he does not want to compromise his own meaning in the digital society.</p> <p>Las tecnologías digitales se han convertido en unas herramientas de uso común para la sociedad en su conjunto, y testigos de la revolución de las comunicaciones que la han hecho posible, nos encontramos quienes nos dedicamos a las Humanidades. El trabajo del historiador que se dedica a investigar la Edad Media se ha visto afectado, como el resto, por esta realidad. La creación de diferentes canales de distribución de contenidos digitales, como YouTube o incluso el videojuego, ha permitido exponer el debate sobre la imagen que el periodo medieval proyecta sobre nuestra sociedad. Cada vez hay mayor demanda de conocimiento sobre lo auténtico del relato histórico, y el medievalista se enfrenta a ese reto con un compromiso que le debe asumir responsabilidades si no quiere comprometer su propio significado en la sociedad digital.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://rime.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/665 Quem patrem, qui servus est? Divulgar (y enseñar) la historia de la esclavitud en la Europa meridional el caso de España 2023-01-26T23:56:57+01:00 Ivan Armenteros-Martínez iarmenterosmartinez@imf.csic.es <p style="font-weight: 400;">The history of slavery during medieval times in Europe is an increasingly consolidated field of study. Capable of dialoguing both with medievalism and slavery studies in a broad sense, the transmission of this knowledge to society is still not easy. Although some European countries have implemented active awareness policies that have led to the integration of the history of slavery in their compulsory education curricula, in others, such as Spain, this kind of initiative is practically non-existent. After describing the development of slavery in medieval Western Europe, this article analyzes the situation of the divulgation and transmission of this historical fact, in a broad sense, in Spanish society<em>.</em></p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">La historia medieval de la esclavitud es un campo de estudio cada vez más consolidado. Capaz de dialogar con el medievalismo pero, también, con los estudios de esclavitud en un sentido amplio, la transmisión de esta parcela del conocimiento a la sociedad sigue sin ser fácil. Si bien algunos estados europeos han implementado políticas activas de sensibilización que han conducido a la integración de la historia de la esclavitud en los <em>curricula</em> de la educación obligatoria, en otros, como el español, este tipo de iniciativas siguen siendo inexistentes. Este artículo, después de describir, a grandes rasgos, cuál fue el desarrollo de la esclavitud en Europa occidental durante la Edad Media, analizará la situación de la divulgación y la transmisión de esta parte de nuestra historia en la sociedad española. &nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://rime.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/669 El Centro de Estudios Medievales de Aragón (Grupo CEMA): veinte años de renovación historiográfica 2023-01-26T23:56:57+01:00 Carlos Laliena Corbera claliena@unizar.es <p>This paper explains the scientific trajectory of the CEMA Research Group (Centro de Estudios Medievales de Aragón) of the University of Zaragoza from 2002 to the present. It is a dynamic group, funded by the Government of Aragon and by national research projects, which has tackled problems of social history (especially of the urban elites), the economic history of Aragon in the Mediterranean economies as a whole and, finally, the history of the formation of the state structures of both the Kingdom of Aragon and the Crown of Aragon in the late Middle Ages.</p> <p>Este artículo explica la trayectoria científica del Grupo de Investigación CEMA (Centro de Estudios Medievales de Aragón) de la Universidad de Zaragoza desde 2002 hasta la actualidad. Se trata de un Grupo dinámico, financiado por el Gobierno de Aragón y por los proyectos nacionales de investigación, que ha abordado problemas de historia social (especialmente de las elites urbanas), historia económica de Aragón en el conjunto de las economías mediterráneas y, finalmente, la historia de la formación de las estructuras estatales tanto del reino de Aragón como de la Corona de Aragón en la Baja Edad Media.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://rime.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/670 Studies on local communities in a global framework 2023-01-26T23:56:57+01:00 Margarita Fernández Mier margarita.mier@unileon.es Luis Miguel Rebollar Flecha rebollarluis@uniovi.es <p>In the face of the re-emergence –despite their obsolescence– of some traditional medievalist historiographical discourses focused on mythological elements that legitimise nation states, certain lines of research developed in recent decades can be oriented as alternative scientific narratives that, from the vindication of local culture studied from medieval or other historical roots, reclaim political power for the communities of said territories. In this regard, our research group has carried out various research projects that consider the most current trends, as well as sharing the research results in experiences of knowledge transfer with these current communities.</p> <p>Frente a algunos discursos historiográficos tradicionales del medievalismo, centrados en personajes míticos legitimadores de los estados nación que últimamente están siendo recuperados a pesar de su caducidad, en las últimas décadas han aparecido líneas de investigación que generan discursos alternativos que, a partir de la reivindicación de la cultura local estudiada desde las raíces históricas medievales, reclamen otra forma de gestión del territorio para las comunidades locales. En ese sentido, nuestro grupo de investigación ha realizado diversos proyectos de investigación, atentos a los marcos teóricos más actuales, así como a experiencias de transferencia de conocimiento.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://rime.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/743 Donne e lavoro in un'industria strategica italiana (1920-1940) 2023-01-26T23:56:57+01:00 Natascia Ridolfi natascia.ridolfi@unich.it <p>The question of the role played by businesses and entrepreneurs in the emancipation of women in society and work is still an open issue, especially in Italy. The research focuses attention on the Fascist twenty-year period, which although dominated by an ideology opposed to women workers, tolerated their presence in the face of a production system lacking in male labor, especially in strategic sectors, due to colonial wars and events related to World War II.&nbsp;The essay analyzes the case of Leopoldo Parodi Delfino, one of the most important entrepreneurs in the Italian war industry, who wrote a significant page in the history of women's labor.</p> <p>La questione del ruolo giocato dalle imprese e dagli imprenditori nell’emancipazione della donna nella società e nel lavoro è un tema ancora aperto, soprattutto in Italia. La ricerca focalizza l’attenzione sul ventennio fascista, che sebbene dominato da una ideologia contraria alla lavoratrice, ne tollera la presenza a fronte di un sistema produttivo carente di manodopera maschile, soprattutto nei settori strategici, a causa delle guerre coloniali e degli eventi legati alla seconda guerra mondiale.&nbsp; Il saggio analizza il caso di Leopoldo Parodi Delfino, imprenditore fra i più importanti dell’industria bellica italiana, che ha scritto una pagina significativa nella storia del lavoro femminile.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://rime.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/680 Radicamento cittadino, uso aristocratico dello spazio urbano e mobilità sociale a Napoli nel medioevo: note sulla regio Sedilis Nidi (XIII-XVI inc.) 2022-11-07T17:01:32+01:00 Monica Santangelo moni.santangel@gmail.com <p>Conceived as a new stage of research on the Neapolitan Seggi, the essay examines the question of the rootedness and the control of the urban space between the 13th and early 16th centuries, contributing new knowledge on the <em>regio Nidi</em>, thanks also to unpublished sources. It analyses the residential strategies developed by some noble families defined as <em>antique</em> at the end of the 15th century and the practices of the urban space control they even-tually activated. The aim is to examine how the <em>vetustas</em> i.e. rootedness and unflinching control of the urban space is perceived as a criterion of social distinction and as a symbolic notion codified by the ancient nobility in the late 15th century.</p> <p>Concepito come nuova tappa di una ricerca sui Seggi napoletani, il saggio affronta la questione del radicamento cittadino e del controllo dello spazio urbano&nbsp;tra il XIII e gli inizi del XVI secolo, apportando nuove conoscenze sulla <em>regio Nidi</em>, grazie anche a fonti inedite. Analizzando le opzioni insediative di alcune famiglie definite <em>antique</em> a fine ‘400 e le pratiche di controllo che esse eventualmente attivarono, s’intende riflettere sui modi con cui la ‘<em>vetustas</em>’ del radicamento e del controllo dello spazio è intesa come criterio di distinzione sociale e come elemento centrale nell’immaginario simbolico della nobiltà radicata a fine ‘400.</p> 2022-11-07T10:41:04+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://rime.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/649 I funzionari pubblici come mediatori nello spazio urbano multilingue dell'Adriatico orientale del XVII secolo - il caso del notaio zaratino Ambrogio Lomazzi 2022-11-07T22:59:36+01:00 Filip Novosel fnovosel1@gmail.com <p>Resembling the early modern Mediterranean, Eastern Adriatic urban space was also a meeting point for an array of foreigners from all over Europe. Zadar, as the capital of Venetian province of Dalmatia, most thoroughly experienced this phenomenon. Among other diversities on its streets, language was surely one of the most noticeable presenting both city’s richness and a potential barrier for people. On the example of the work of one seventeenth century Zaratin notary, this paper presents the importance of a notarial office for communication in such multilingual and multicultural environment.</p> <p>Similmente al Mediterraneo moderno di epoca moderna, lo spazio urbano dell’Adriatico orientale era anche un punto d'incontro per gli stranieri di varia provenienza provenienti da tutta Europa. Zara, in quanto capitale della provincia veneziana della Dalmazia, ha vissuto più intensamente questo fenomeno. La lingua era sicuramente - tra le molte espressioni di alterità presenti nelle sue strade - una delle più evidenti a rappresentare la ricchezza della città, ma anche una potenziale barriera tra le persone. Poiché i funzionari pubblici, in particolare i notai, erano di vitale importanza per la comunicazione all’interno di tale ambiente multilingue e multiculturale, lo scopo di questo articolo è di presentare i loro modi di mediazione attraverso il caso di studio del lavoro di un notaio zaratino del XVII secolo.</p> 2022-11-04T16:36:12+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##